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Earn Your Teaching License

To teach in North Carolina, you'll need to know the license requirements. We can help you each step of the way. Read this page or download our guide.
Get StartedDownload the Guide

Earn Your Teaching License

To teach in North Carolina, you'll need to know the license requirements. We can help you each step of the way. Read this page or download our guide.
Get StartedDownload the Guide

Decide What to Teach

North Carolina teachers earn a license to teach a specific set of grades and subjects. Find a teaching area that fits you.

If you know what ages or grades you want to teach—your next steps are to:

  • Decide which subject/licensure area you’d like to teach (next section).
  • Select an educator preparation program that offers your desired licensure area and matches your current education level (undergraduate or graduate).
  • Apply to your educator preparation program.

Pro Tip: There are lots of different subject areas to teach at all ages and grade levels. At any level, getting licensed in a high-demand area provides more job opportunities. Your employment prospects may be stronger, especially at the elementary level, where there are a large number of applicants. 

If you want to teach elementary school, consider choosing a high-demand area: 

  • Exceptional Children: General curriculum (K-12)
  • Exceptional Children: Adapted Curriculum (K-12)
  • English as a Second Language (K-12)

If you prefer middle or high school, high-demand areas include:

  • Exceptional Children: General curriculum (K-12)
  • Exceptional Children: Adapted Curriculum (K-12)
  • Math (9-12) and Middle Grades Math 
  • Science (9-12) and Middle Grades Science
  • Technology Education (6-12)
  • World Languages
  • English as a Second Language (K-12)

To broaden your options, you could also consider a subject area that allows you to teach in all grades:

  • Special Education
  • English as a Second Language
  • Technology Education
  • Physical Education & Health
  • Music & Art
  • For a complete list, see Choosing a Licensure Area

Read more about high-needs and critical shortage areas for teachers, and the perks that come with teaching in these crucial areas.

Heads Up: Most licensure areas require specific tests. Review the NC Department of Public Instruction’s testing requirements on their FAQ page to get a leg up on which assessments are required for the subject area you wish to teach.

  • I know what ages/grades I want to teach

  • I know what subject I want to teach

  • I'm open to teaching different subjects

Consider a Critical Needs Subject or Shortage Area

You’ll have more job opportunities—and make a bigger impact—teaching in a high-needs area.

If you already have a bachelor’s degree, you may also be able to start teaching (and start getting paid) sooner through a school district’s residency program

The North Carolina State Education Assistance Authority lists the following areas as shortage areas that qualify for teacher loan forgiveness:

  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Comprehensive Science
  • English as a Second Language
  • Foreign Language
  • Math 
  • Middle Grades
  • Physics
  • Exceptional Children (K-12)

Several programs offer forgivable loans to pay for your education preparation program if you commit to teaching in a state-designated shortage area:

  • The state offers Forgivable Education Loans for Service of up to $3,500 a semester ($7,000 a year) for bachelor’s degree programs and $5,000 a semester ($10,000 a year) for master’s degree programs leading to licensure in one of the shortage areas listed above. Generally, a loan for one academic year will be forgiven for one year of full-time employment.
  • The North Carolina Teaching Fellows program offers forgivable loans of up to $4,125 a semester ($8,250 a year) for up to four years to highly-qualified students committed to teaching special education or a STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering or Mathematics) field in a North Carolina public schools.
  • You may also be eligible for student loan relief from Uncle Sam if you’re willing to commit to teaching for several years in high-need areas, thanks to the federal Teacher Loan Forgiveness Program.

Pro Tip: You can add licenses in different grade levels and subject areas throughout your teaching career. You don’t have to get all your licenses at once.

Choose the Right Licensure Area

Once you know your grade and subject preferences, you can select a licensure area.
  • Elementary & Early Childhood

  • Exceptional Children

  • Humanities & World Language

  • Science & Math

  • Fine Arts, Media, Physical Education, & Health

  • Career & Technical Education

Know Your Next Move

To teach in North Carolina, your next steps will look different depending on your background. We'll help you figure out what you'll need to move forward.

If you’re considering teaching as the next stage in your career path:

  • Decide which ages or grade levels and the subject area you’d like to teach.
  • Identify your licensure area (see above).
  • Select an educator preparation program that offers your desired licensure area and matches your current education level (undergraduate or graduate).
  • Apply to your educator preparation program.

Pro Tip: If you’ve already earned a bachelor’s degree or have vocational work experience, you may be eligible for alternative pathways to licensure that put you in the classroom faster.

  • Do you have a bachelor’s degree? Licensure-only or Residency Licensure programs can get you licensed to teach without earning an additional degree. These programs may take less time and cost less than traditional licensure programs. Head over to our Alternative Licensure page to learn more.
  • Are you a tradesperson? If you have vocational experience, you can get licensed to teach as a trade instructor for a Career & Technical Education program in a middle or high school through an alternative program. Positions may be available in fields such as automotive, manufacturing, construction, culinary arts, hospitality, plumbing, and others.
  • Are you a military veteran? North Carolina students need veterans to serve again as their teachers. Check out Troops to Teachers for resources and opportunities available for veterans interested in teaching.
  • I'm considering a career change

  • I'm already licensed to teach

  • I'm an international student

Get Started on Your Teaching License

Once you know what you want to teach, you're ready to start your journey to become a licensed teacher! Most North Carolina teachers begin with a Professional Educator's Initial License for educators with less than two years of experience.
  1. Earn a bachelor’s degree from a regionally accredited university.

    North Carolina accepts degrees from a large number of universities, but you should confirm that yours is a regionally accredited college or university. The bachelor’s degree you earn should be in a field closely related to what you want to teach. To be accepted into a North Carolina educator preparation program, you generally need a minimum cumulative grade point average (GPA) of 2.7  for all undergraduate courses.

    Keep in mind that you can earn your degree and your teacher licensure at the same time, so if you’re an undergraduate, see step 2 below.

  2. Graduate from a state-approved educator preparation program.

    You can meet this requirement either as part of your undergraduate coursework (e.g., earning a BA in Education), or by applying to and graduating from a post-baccalaureate educator preparation program after earning your bachelor’s degree. 

    Generally, you’ll need a minimum cumulative grade point average (GPA) of 2.7 for all undergraduate courses and passing scores on the Praxis Core Academic Skills Tests or SAT or ACT. Each program sets its own requirements for admission and completion. 

    Through your preparation program, you will:

    • Take coursework related to (1) the specific subject and grade levels you are seeking licensure in and (2) the teaching profession more broadly (i.e., pedagogy).
    • Participate in hands-on, clinical experiences in a variety of classroom settings, where you can observe and practice with instructors, mentors and teachers who are effective and experienced.
    • Prepare an edTPA portfolio of lesson plans, student work and other artifacts during your student teaching placement to submit for assessment.

    Get started by browsing the Programs page

  3. Pass North Carolina licensure assessments.

    Most teacher candidates have to pass specific tests that evaluate your knowledge of teaching (e.g., Foundations of Reading) and the subject area you wish to teach (e.g. Praxis II). Your education preparation program will determine the timing of when you will take these assessments.

    In addition, all teacher candidates completing preparation programs must participate in and meet minimum score requirements on the edTPA portfolio-based assessment. To meet this requirement, candidates prepare a portfolio of lesson plans, student work and other artifacts to submit for assessment as a part of your student teaching experience.

  4. Submit an application to the state and pay the application fee.

    After you meet the requirements above, it’s time for you to formally apply for your teaching license. First, confirm with your educator preparation program that you are eligible to apply. After that, you can contact the Department of Public Instruction with any questions. 

    Pro Tip: By creating an online account for the NC DPI’s Online Licensure System, you can apply for your license online, pay fees, check the status of your application, or print unofficial copies of your license. 

Adding it Up

Teaching is the greatest opportunity to shape the trajectories of young people’s lives—and the future of our world. While the experiences you’ll have are priceless, you may be wondering what it costs to get licensed to teach in North Carolina. 

The total costs will vary depending on the educator preparation program you attend and the tests required for your licensure area. Below are some of the costs you can expect while earning and obtaining your license: 

  • Initial educator license: $70
  • Out-of-state initial educator license: $100
  • edTPA Portfolio assessment: $300
  • Content-specific exams: Starting at $120

Pro Tip: It's understandable to have your eye on the cost of educator preparation programs, but there are lots of scholarships, loan forgiveness and other funding opportunities that may lower program costs for North Carolina’s future teachers, including the We Promise program, where you can earn a bachelor’s degree for $1,000 per year in tuition at certain UNC system schools. Check out Financial Aid & Scholarships to learn more.

Additional Resources

Looking to dive a little deeper?
  • Educator Preparation Program Profiles

  • Troops to Teachers

  • Teach for America in North Carolina

  • NC DPI’s Frequently Asked Questions

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